Sunday, May 17, 2020

A Chilling History of Frozen Food

When we crave fresh fruits and vegetables in the middle of winter, we can thank an American taxidermist for making possible the next best thing. Clarence Birdseye, who invented and commercialized a method for quick-freezing food products in convenient packages and without altering the original taste, was  simply seeking a way for his family to have fresh food all year round.  The solution came to him while conducting fieldwork in the arctic, where he observed how the Inuit would  preserve freshly caught fish and others meats in barrels of sea water that quickly froze due to the frigid  climate. The fish were later thawed, cooked and most importantly tasted fresh -- much more so than anything at the fish markets back at home. He surmised that it was this practice of rapid freezing  in extremely low temperatures that allowed meat to retain freshness once thawed and served months later. Back in the U.S., commercial foods were typically chilled at a higher temperature and thus took longer to freeze. Compared to conventional techniques, fast freezing causes  smaller ice crystals to form, which is less likely to  damage the food. So in 1923, with an investment of $7 for an electric fan, buckets of brine, and cakes of ice, Clarence Birdseye developed and later perfected a system of packing fresh food into waxed cardboard boxes and flash-freezing under high pressure. And by 1927, his company General Seafoods was applying the technology to preserve beef, poultry, fruit, and vegetables.   Two years later, The Goldman-Sachs Trading Corporation and the Postum Company (later the General Foods Corporation) bought Clarence Birdseye’s patents and trademarks in 1929 for $22 million. The first quick-frozen vegetables, fruits, seafoods, and meat were sold to the public for the first time in 1930 in Springfield, Massachusetts, under the trade name Birds Eye Frosted Foods ®.   These frozen products were initially only available at 18 stores as a way to gauge whether consumers would take to what was then a novel approach to selling food.  Grocery shoppers could choose from a fairly wide selection that included frozen meat, blue point oysters, fish fillets,  spinach, peas, various fruits and berries. The products were a hit and with the company continued to expand, with frozen food products transported by  refrigerated boxcars to distant stores. Today commercially frozen foods are  a multi-billion dollar industry and  Birds Eye, a top frozen-food brand, is widely sold just about everywhere.  Ã‚      Birdseye served as consultant to General Foods up until 1938 and eventually turned  his attention to other interests and invented an infrared heat lamp, a spotlight for store window displays, a harpoon for marking whales. He would also establish companies to market his products.  By the time of his sudden passing in 1956 he had about 300 patents to his name.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Racism In A Lesson Before Dying Essay - 1978 Words

Throughout human history, racism has reared its head in a wide range of ideologies. For several centuries, many have ignored the blatant echoes of prejudice throughout our society. Despite being members of the same species, it has become shockingly common to demonize an individual based on skin color. Jefferson as a person is quiet, and likes to get whatever he has to do done. He worked on a plantation for garnished wages for most of his childhood and adult life which led him to being far less intelligent than the others he worked with due to the lack of education and funding for schools of color.†A white man had been killed during a robbery, and though two of the robbers had been killed on the spot, one had been captured, and he, too,†¦show more content†¦I was supposed to teach six months out of the year, but actually I taught only five and a half months, from late October to the middle of April† (Gaines 34). In the article â€Å"Ending School Segregation In T he U.S† It talks about the developments of the Jim Crow laws which divided up students based on their race â€Å"States across the North and South passed laws creating schools and public facilities for each race.† (USHistory.org). This would cause colored children to be at a disadvantage when it comes to learning and socializing with other kids. The colored kids were separated from the others based solely on their skin color, Grant didn’t even have a real desk to teach from, he had to use the table that was used during the church services on Sundays. â€Å"My desk was a table, used as a collection table by the church on Sunday’s† (Gaines 34). They had to be very careful with the tools that they were given because they couldn’t afford replacements because most of the funds went to the white schools. â€Å"The school board doesn’t give it away. They already gave me what they said was enough for the year. They’re not giving us an y more. Do you understand what I’m saying to you?† (Gaines 36). With the unfair economic distribution, it leaves the colored kids to have less tools to work with than the white kids. In the article titled â€Å"Ending School Segregation in the U.S† it talks about how the first â€Å"major battleground† forShow MoreRelatedEssay Lesson Before Dying Racism1034 Words   |  5 Pagesabstract as skin color has plagued our culture with prejudice and hatred. Ernest E. Gaines, author of A Lesson Before Dying, tells the story of a young black boy named Jefferson who is set to die for essentially being in the wrong place at the wrong time, and a schoolteacher who is faced with the task of making him a â€Å"man†. The novel takes place in Bayonne, Louisiana in the 1940’s, a time when racism prospered. At this time in history people faced extreme prejudice based on the color of their skin. ThoughRead More Racism in A Lesson Before Dying Essay1677 Words   |  7 PagesA Lesson Before Dying is set in rural Louisiana in the 1940’s. The setting is ripe for the racism displayed in the novel. Ernest J. Gaines weaves an intricate web of human c onnections, using the character growth of Grant Wiggins and Jefferson to subtly expose the effect people have on one another (Poston A1). Each and every character along the way shows some inkling of being a racist. However, Paul is an exception. He treats everyone as if he or she is equal to him whether the person is blackRead MoreRacism in Ernest Gainess A Lesson Before Dying Essay519 Words   |  3 Pagesended many blacks and whites especially in the south, continued living as if nothing had changed with regards to the oppressions and poor treatment of African Americans. Narrator Grant Wiggins, of the novel A Lesson Before Dying, By Ernest Gaines, finds himself in a similar situation towards racism. Through his experience Grant is forced to transform Jefferson who was wrongly accused of a murder from a â€Å"HOG† into a man. Although Grant was forced to make jefferson a man, he himself became more of oneRead MoreHow Successful Was Organized Labor in Improving the Positi on of Workers in the Period from 1875-1900? Analyze the Factors That Contributed to the Level of Success Achieved.2890 Words   |  12 Pagesthe confidence of sturdy health courts the sternest activities of life and rejoices in the hardihood of constant labor may still have lurking near his vitals the unheeded disease that doom him to sudden collapse. The lessons of paternalism ought to be unlearned and the better lesson taught that while the people should patriotically and cheerfully support their Government, its functions do not include the support of the people. ________________________________________ Document F Source: TerrenceRead MoreEssay on No Death Penalty for Juveniles2164 Words   |  9 PagesChildren are told to be innovative, explore life, and that there mistakes will teach them life lessons. While most children major punishments are extracted by their parents and guardians, a small number go beyond a petty crime and violated the law. The New Oxford American Dictionary states that the death penalty is, â€Å"the punishment of execution, administered to someone legally convicted of a capital crime.† Capital crimes array from murder to drug trafficking. In the United States the death penaltyRead More The Life and Times of Claude McKay Essay2788 Words   |  12 Pagesas a slave (Masiello 244). From these lessons and his strong black surroundings, McKay received African traditions as well as an â€Å"appreciation for the purity of black hood† (Ali 201). Also from McKay’s agnostic brother, who tutored him, McKay gained his freethinking attitude (â€Å"Claude McK ay† 1375). McKay soon gained a distrust of white people when he moved to Kingston, at the age of nineteen. In 1911, upon reaching Kingston, McKay experienced bigotry and racism unlike anything he had encountered inRead MoreAlice Malsenior6001 Words   |  25 Pageschallenge the wisdom of her father, she clung tight to her mother for comfort and formed an unbreakable bond. Minnie Walker was Alice’s greatest support system. She approved of Alice’s rebellious ways as a young girl in addition to teaching her life lessons that would be underlying tones in her multiple works (Bates, Alice Walker: A Critical Companion). Walker was a confident young girl until 1952, when an accident involving a BB gun left her blinded her in one eye. Although her older brother offeredRead MoreEssay about The Impact of Two Global Health Promotion Initiatives2942 Words   |  12 PagesThe aim of this essay is to discuss critically the impact of two global health promotion initiatives, citing examples from two developing countries. To set the stage for this discussion, in this introduction the author will define terms like ‘Health’, ‘Global Health Promotion’ and ‘Developing countries’. The World Health Organisation (WHO) constitution stipulates that, â€Å"The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental human rights of every human being, withoutRead Moreâ€Å"I Wanted to Go to School but My Parents Told Me, No Essays6683 Words   |  27 Pagesthey might take you away for good. And they ran away in the bush. Bonny Tucker, Punjima woman, Western Australia†. (She refers to the Native Welfare taking away Aboriginal children of mixed descent. www.creativespirits.info) These mini essays will discuss Aboriginal Australian history and it’s connections to official education policies both past and present. What is the connection between official education policies and key events in Aboriginal Australian history? How have AboriginalRead MoreChildrens Literature13219 Words   |  53 Pagesstories they enjoyed listening to such as the Iliad, the Odyssey, and Aesop’s Fables. Plato specifically mentions children’s education in Book VI of The Republic. Though he holds rather liberal views on education and directly states that children’s lessons should â€Å"take the form of play,† Plato held less liberal views of stories. He would have censored legends and myths which he thought encouraged bad behavior and instead he would â€Å"employ storytellers and poets† who are severe rather than amusing (Townsend

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Steve Jobs Evaluation of College Speach free essay sample

Steve Jobs Speech Evaluation This speech that Steve Jobs gave to a group of college graduates was a very informative speech. You know that this speech is an informative one because he talks about three stories about his life, which in turn informs the class about three things that they should take through life. He is not trying to persuade the audience to do or buy anything he is talking about. I believe that his main purposes were clearly stated at the beginning of each story. The purpose all together as a whole wasn’t stated until the very end of the speech when he says stay hungry and stays foolish. The first story was about how to connect the dots through life. The main point in this story was you may not know what you want in life but everything you do may affect how you respond to something in the future. We will write a custom essay sample on Steve Jobs Evaluation of College Speach or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The second stories purpose was to say that losing something isn’t always a bad thing as long as you have what you love. He lost his job but his love for something gave him the drive to keep moving and make a new business that still became very successful, because of his love. In the third story the purpose is to take each day like your last because you never know when you’re going to die. Steve has learned that he had cancer and had to face death up front, but then later learns that he had a curable form of cancer and still lives each day as if he was dying. Every day he asked does he like what he is doing and he said no so he went and changed what he doesn’t like. There are a few attention getter devices that Steve Jobs uses throughout the speech. One major attention getter he uses is â€Å"I am honored to be with you today.. † which would grab the audience’s attention because it shows that he cares about them and makes them feel part of the peech making it more likely that the students would pay attention. Another attention getter is the personal experiences he went through. This attention getter works great because it allows the audience to visualize and relate to him. The introduction did establish the topics importance. In the introduction he states â€Å"today I want to tell you three stories † which sets up for the topic of his entir e speech. He also uses appropriate transitions but not the best. He uses the transition the first story, which I believe with his intelligence he could have come up with a little bit better transition. Overall the introduction was a great one, it was short and strong grabbing the attention of the audience, and it also didn’t wait to go straight into the body of the speech. The body of the speech contained important information and life which made it perfect for this event. The order of the body didn’t really have a specific order and could have been arranged in any order he wanted, the only thing he did have to have a semi order was having transition from each story was first, second, and third. The body of the speech was good and had three strong main points. The conclusion was very strong remembered able. His conclusion reflects once again to his life but this time he connects well with the audience with relatable examples like explaining a magazine and comparing it to Google. It when over the main points by saying â€Å"Stay hungry, Stay foolish† which was the main point’s main message was to keep doing what you want to do and learning new things every day. The last words were also the last words the magazine used on its last issue saying its goodbyes making these words his final words also. This speech in my opinion was a very good informative speech and was very affective for this audience. The things that made this a good speech was the fact that he used personal examples, which allowed the audience to visualize how it’s possible for you to take what he is saying and applying it to your life. Also having a famous person give the speech makes the students listen even more making the speech affective meaning they will take the main points better.

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Urban life creates evolutionar... free essay sample

Urban life creates evolutionary changes in plants and animalsBy: Susan MiliusAugust 9, 2017Summary of the article: City urban life changes how tropical lizard and white clover flower function on their everyday routine depending on the environment. Research foundings show that cities have allow plants and organism in a fast change of evolution in which usually takes over time can be changed only through certain seasons. For example, the white clover flower has adapted to urban living by altering how the plants leaf taste to defend and protect the clover from grasshoppers and other predators. The white clover produced genes that allows them to put cyanide in their leaves and stem so that when the leaf is bitten cyanide, a toxic chemical releases and repel the predators away from the rest of the plant colony. The white clover however makes cyanide only in warmer areas because usually ice or the cold weather will be a threat to cyanide carrying clovers because cyanide is toxic to plants as well as the predators, but when the leaf is not cold or frozen clover leaves and the stems are not at risk because cells store the chemical cyanide separately and the chemical wont mix unless an animal bites the plant crushing and ripping the c yanide cells. We will write a custom essay sample on Urban life creates evolutionar or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Although when the plant is cold or frozen the safe system that separates the chemical breaks apart and releases the cyanide on its own and the plant will die. So the plant will make cyanide in the summer and will not make any cyanide in the winter so scientist found it interesting that evolution takes place during times of the season and constantly change.What biology topic does this article reference?This research correlates what we learned in class about evolution and how species adapt to better suit its environment. We learned the principles of evolution and the first one descent with modification means that living current forms have descended from extinct forms and that species can undergo modification to survive and usually passes on that surviving gene to the next generation even causing them to be a separate, but similar species like birds such as finch. We also learned that natural selection is when specific traits will be favored to with greater chance of survival from one generation to the next like how polar bears shifted into brown bears.How does this affect you personally?This information doesnt really affect me personally, but it is interesting to learn that changes can happen through natural selection to environment so we really are not fixed entities, but are constantly going through change depending on the environment and risk factors. It intrigues me to know that. Does that mean humans can grow and change to adapt our environment like if to say the environment is a lot more colde r everywhere does that mean we can change and adapt to that? Just like that article we read in class how artic people have evolved to produce more heat. The climate driven effect has allowed a mutation to occur in the mitochondrial DNA to allow more production of heat and lower production of energy.How will current news affect future generations?Mutations can occur in the human body to help us survive. Scientist are now researching other mutations that have occurred due to environmental factors. This current news helps us understand more on evolution and the factors that tie into it like how the genetic mutation is processed through our DNA and maybe we can learn to be self resistant to bacteria and virus infections. Maybe our body can adapt to certain sickness and evolve so that our body can be protected against th

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Spanish Comparisons of Inequality

Spanish Comparisons of Inequality Not only is it possible to describe someone as happy, it is also possible to describe that happiness in various degrees - happier, happier than someone, happiest, as happy as someone. In this lesson, we learn how to express the first two of those alternatives. In English, we usually can make an adjective stronger by adding -er to the end (such as in happier, stronger and faster) or by using it with the word more (as in more considerate and more intense). In Spanish, there is no direct equivalent of -er; adjectives are made more intense by preceding them with ms. For example: Marà ­a est ms feliz. Marà ­a is happier.El cielo de Cuba es ms azul. Cubas sky is bluer.Mis padres son ms ricos. My parents are richer.Compro unos libros ms caros. I am buying some more expensive books. Usually que is used when making a comparison: Mi coche es ms grande que tu coche. My car is bigger than your car.Soy ms alto que tà º. Im taller than you.La casa es ms blanca que la nieve. The house is whiter than the snow. To indicate less rather than more, use menos rather than ms: Marà ­a est menos feliz. Marà ­a is less happy.El cielo de Chile es menos azul. Chiles sky is less blue.La casa es menos blanca que la nieve. The house is less white than the snow. Ms and menos can be used with adverbs in the same way: Corres ms rpido que yo. You run faster than I.Silvia habla menos claro que Ana. Silvia speaks less clearly than Ana. Note that in the above examples, in English it would be very common to add a form of to do at the end of the comparison, such as You run faster than I do and Silvia speaks less clearly than Ana does. However, the do or does should not be translated to Spanish. There are a few words, all very common, that have their own comparative forms: The comparative form of bueno (good) and its forms (buena, buenos and buenas) is mejor or mejores, translated as better. Example: Eres mejor hombre que yo. You are a better man than I.The comparative form of bien (well) is also mejor, again translated as better. Example: Ella estudia mejor que tà º. She studies better than you.The comparative form of malo (bad) and its forms (mala, malos and malas) is peor or peores, translated as worse. Example: Los remedios son peores que la enfermedad. The cures are worse than the illness.The comparative form of mal (badly) is also peor, again translated as worse. Example: Se siente peor que yo. He feels worse than I do. Additionally, although ms pequeà ±o and ms grande are often used for smaller and bigger, respectively, menor and mayor are sometimes used. Mayor also is used to mean older when referring to people. Note: Do not confuse comparisons of adjectives or adverbs with more than and less than in the following examples. Note that ms de and menos de are used when referring to numbers. Tengo ms de 30 pesos. I have more than 30 pesos.Mi hijo tiene menos de 20 aà ±os. My son is less than 20 years old.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Marks and Spencer is one of the leading and the most recognized name Research Paper

Marks and Spencer is one of the leading and the most recognized name in the fashion industry - Research Paper Example The company, by applying prudent marketing techniques, has been able to grab market share of around 11.7% by value and 12.4% by volume. Marks and Spencer has also been actively involved in the business of marketing and selling edible products which has earned the company immense revenue in the past few years. Through its unmatchable food quality, Marks and Spencer is now regarded as one of the finest when it comes to quality food products. The financial outlook of the company also looks quite stable. During the financial year of 2012, the company has been able to increase its revenue by an impressive 2.0% to a striking ?9.9 billion though the operating profit of the company took a slight downward plunge of about 1.2%. In addition, the financial ratio analysis of the company and the comparison of the company with its competitor also show that a positive financial outlook can be forecasted. INTRODUCTION The paper presents evaluates the financial performance of Marks and Spencer, a high ly recognized name in the fashion market. Marks and Spencer is a listed company and has been operating lucratively for the past many years. The company operations have been highly successful in the past many years and it portrays sound and stable financial outlook. Following is a brief and recent financial highlight of the company Financial Highlight of the Company The paper primarily discusses the financial outlook of the company as evaluated through its financial statements. The initial section of the page discusses the key operations of the company and under what conditions it is operating in the UK market. The paper briefly discuses the historical financial performance of the company focusing group revenue and profit before and after tax. Moving forward, the paper presents a comparison of the current and last year financial performance of the company through financial statement ratio analysis. The primary reason to conduct a ratio analysis is to quantify the results of the opera tions of a company and compare them with that of the prior year(s) in order to assess different aspects of the financial feasibility. The ratios are divided into profitability, liquidity and gearing ratios. The paper identifies the areas, through ratio analysis, where the company is performing well and where it needs improvements. In conclusion the paper presents a comparison of the financial and operational performance of Marks and Spencer with one of its primary competitors, Debenhams. Major financial ratios are compared and in addition, historical share prices are also analyzed of both companies in order to identify which company has a better market capitalization and better reputation from investor’s perspective. For the purpose of the financial analysis, the historical financial information from the financial year 2012 till 2008 has been used. RECENT ANALYSIS OF UK RETAIL INDUSTRY During the current financial year 2012, the UK retail industry witnessed a mix trend. As re ported by the Marks and Spencer in its press releases, the start of the current financial year was better than expected and the company reaped great profit. However it was observed that later half of the current year proved to be more difficult for doing business, especially the month of August and September. During that particular period, the share price of Marks and Sp

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

To study the relation between satisfying and dissatisfying factors Thesis Proposal

To study the relation between satisfying and dissatisfying factors affecting workers productivity - Thesis Proposal Example Productivity of workers can not be enhanced unless the workers feel satisfied and committed to their work. Theory to focus on: Herzberg presented a unique theory about motivation in which he said that factors that cause dissatisfaction among workers in their workplace are not opposite to the factors that inculcate satisfaction in them. Herzberg drew the relationship between job satisfiers and dissatisfiers stating, â€Å"†¦job satisfiers deal with the factors involved in doing the job, whereas the job dissatisfiers deal with the factors which define the job context† (Herzberg, 1959 cited in Chapman, 2010). That essentially means that if the employers take measures to reduce the dissatisfaction among workers, they may effectively preclude all the factors causing dissatisfaction among workers. However, that does not mean that such an attempt of the employers would generate satisfaction among workers so that they would improve their performance. There is dire need to study t he relationship between the potential satisfying and dissatisfying factors so that measures taken by employers can be made effective in drawing the desired results by simultaneously addressing both satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Hypothesis: There is an inverse relationship between job satisfiers and dissatisfiers. If measures are taken to improve the workers’ satisfaction in their work, their dissatisfaction also declines.